Learning Topological Interactions for Multi-Class Medical Image Segmentation

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Abstract: Deep learning methods have achieved impressive performance for multi- class medical image segmentation. However, they are limited in their ability to encode topological interactions among different classes (e.g., containment and exclusion). These constraints naturally arise in biomedical images and can be crucial in improving segmentation quality. In this paper, we introduce a novel topological interaction module to encode the topological interactions into a deep neural network. The implementation is completely convolution-based and thus can be very efficient. This empowers us to incorporate the constraints into end-to-end training and enrich the feature representation of neural networks. The efficacy of the proposed method is validated on different types of interactions. We also demonstrate the generalizability of the method on both proprietary and public challenge datasets, in both 2D and 3D settings, as well as across different modalities such as CT and Ultrasound. Code is available at: https://github.com/TopoXLab/TopoInteraction.
Gupta, Saumya, Xiaoling Hu, James Kaan, Michael Jin, Mutshipay Mpoy, Katherine Chung, Gagandeep Singh, et al. 2022. “Learning Topological Interactions for Multi-Class Medical Image Segmentation.” arXiv [cs.CV]. arXiv. http://arxiv.org/abs/2207.09654.